Broad-Search Annotated Bibliography on: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) and Indoor Air Pollution

In July 1997, the second International Conference on Acute Respiratory Infections was held in Canberra, Australia. In this conference, there was not one paper or plenary presentation on these factors in developing countries, and only one session out of 34 on the topic in developed countries. This is partly due to a perception in the ARI professional community that little progress has been made in understanding this complicated set of issues.

Wishing to dispel this image, although recognizing that there is still much room for additional work, EHP prepared a bibliography of material related to air pollution and childhood ARI in developing countries, the vast bulk of which had been published in the period between the two conferences.

That bibliography, compiled by John P. McCracken and Kirk R. Smith and published in 1997, contains 192 references pertaining to air pollution as a risk factor for acute respiratory infections (ARI). Its focus is ARI in young children in developing countries, who bear the greatest burden of ill-health from ARI worldwide and many of whom seem to have high exposures to a number of harmful air pollutants. A major purpose of the bibliography was to provide an easily accessed source of information on the relationship between ARI and air pollution to researchers and field staff in developing countries, where access to current publications may be limited.

This new annotated bibliography contains citations and abstracts for 235 papers that relate to air pollution and environmental exposure as a risk for acute respiratory infection (ARI). As did the predecessor volume, this bibliography focuses on children and environmental health conditions in developing nations.

Download the bibliography (463 KB, PDF,


Daniel M. Kammen Gemini Wahhaj and Maame Yaa Yiadom
US Agency for International Development (USAID)