This Arborvitae Special summarizes a IUCN/PROFOR/World Bank study undertaken to review and clarify the relationship between Ecosystem Approaches (EsA) and Sustainable Forest Management (SFM).
The most important conclusion from the case studies is that many of the issues that the EsA principles highlight are being addressed on the ground in the countries and regions examined. The sort of thinking that led to the EsA principles is alive and well in the real world and has inspired much of the reform of policies and practices of forest management that has occurred in the past decade. And, while there are clear differences between EsA and the more traditional applications of SFM, many of the principles of EsA have already been incorporated into the more holistic SFM experiences. The real value of EsA therefore is not as a competing concept to SFM but as a set of general guidelines that help to enrich the debate and provide a broad conceptual framework for resource management.
Arborvitae Specials are published jointly by WWF and IUCN as occasional supplements to their Arborvitae newsletter in order to focus on specific opportunities and threats that impact on the conservation and sustainable use of forest resources that can not be dealt with adequately in the main newsletter.