The Asia Regional workshop on Addressing Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation took place in Anyer, West Java, Indonesia on December 4-6 1998. The Workshop was organized by Bioforum, a coalition of 65 Indonesian NGOs, and funded by Global Secretariat of UC Initiative, Embassy of Finland, the Indonesian Tropical Institute (LATIN), the Indonesian Consortium for Community-Based Forest Management (KPSHK) with additional support from some local NGOs.
The Asia regions are large and diverse and include one-fourth of the world’s tropical forests and approximately half of its biological species. The forests of this region range from the temperate forests of East Asia to tropical forests of various types in South and Southeast Asia. Asia also has wide diversities in languages, religion, and cultures as well as political systems, which renders forest issues in Asia very complex problems. In addition, every country in the region has a different historical background of deforestation. China and India are those that have old historical backgrounds of deforestation, dating back to the period of the dynasties and kingdoms, while Tropical Asia has a much newer deforestation history, while Japan has a medium history of deforestation.