A poverty profile consists of the characterization, the localization, the enumeration and the description of groups of poor people. Such groups are defined according to the livelihood system they enact. The livelihood system includes the capabilities, the material and non-material resources, and the activities required for a means of living. The household constitutes the entry point and the principal unit of analysis.
Because of the importance of oceans in the global economy and climate system, lasting and sustainable development will not be achieved without healthy coasts and oceans. Well-managed, productive fisheries play a significant role in global economic development, food security, poverty alleviation, trade, and human health. But since the Earth Summit in 1992, most coastal resources have suffered from overuse and degradation.
As part of a multi-collaborator research project on the potential of non-timber forest product (NTFP) trade for conservation and development, the authors designed tools to assess the effects of NTFP trade on people’s livelihoods and the environment.
To assess livelihood outcomes of NTFP trade, they used the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods framework and identified indicators to capture changes in financial, physical, natural, human and social assets at the household and community level. They also selected indicators to assess livelihood related changes at the national level.
India is vast, diverse and complex, in its environments and in environment-society relations. These relationships, and government policies which influence or control them, are the subject of very significant reforms occurring in India. At the most fundamental level, this report asks “Who is to protect, manage and regenerate India’s forests, where and for what, and what resources or support does each agent need to fulfil the mandate efficiently and equitably?”