India is vast, diverse and complex, in its environments and in environment-society relations. These relationships, and government policies which influence or control them, are the subject of very significant reforms occurring in India. At the most fundamental level, this report asks “Who is to protect, manage and regenerate India’s forests, where and for what, and what resources or support does each agent need to fulfil the mandate efficiently and equitably?”
As part of a multi-collaborator research project on the potential of non-timber forest product (NTFP) trade for conservation and development, the authors designed tools to assess the effects of NTFP trade on people’s livelihoods and the environment.
To assess livelihood outcomes of NTFP trade, they used the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods framework and identified indicators to capture changes in financial, physical, natural, human and social assets at the household and community level. They also selected indicators to assess livelihood related changes at the national level.
This key sheet is part of a series aimed at DFID staff and development partners examining the impact of climate change on poverty, and exploring tools for adaptation to climate change.
It examines the impact of climate variability and climate change on the vulnerability of the poor. The reader will be guided through the key issues of:
• The impact of current climate variability on vulnerability;
• The impact of climate change on vulnerability; and
• Actions to reduce vulnerability to climate change.
Small, dirty manufacturing plants dominate poor regions but have only a small impact on pollution. Large plants in high-income areas cause most of the damage to human health.