This issue of the journal includes three papers that touch on relations among socioeconomic status (SES), health, and air quality. Jerrett et al considered whether SES differentials in Hamilton, Ontario, modify the temporal relations between daily mortality and either coefficient of haze (COH) or SO2. Martins et al did a similar analysis with respect to PM10 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The third paper, by Gouveia et al, also involved Sao Paulo but examined cross sectional relations between several pollutants and infant birth weight.
Poor households in Bangladesh depend heavily on wood, dung and other biomass fuels for cooking. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the implications for indoor air pollution, drawing on new monitoring data for respirable airborne particulates (PM10) in a large number of Bangladeshi households.
In July 1997, the second International Conference on Acute Respiratory Infections was held in Canberra, Australia. In this conference, there was not one paper or plenary presentation on these factors in developing countries, and only one session out of 34 on the topic in developed countries. This is partly due to a perception in the ARI professional community that little progress has been made in understanding this complicated set of issues.
Small, dirty manufacturing plants dominate poor regions but have only a small impact on pollution. Large plants in high-income areas cause most of the damage to human health.
This key sheet is part of a series aimed at DFID staff and development partners examining the impact of climate change on poverty, and exploring tools for adaptation to climate change.
This key sheet examines the impact of climate change on pro-poor growth for developing countries and the Millennium Development Goals. The reader will be guided through the key issues of:
• The link between economic growth and poverty reduction;
• The impact of climate change on pro-poor growth; and
• Actions to build flexibility into economic policy.