In the world's poorest countries, pollution is responsible for a significant percentage of illness and death. In a single province in India, 80% of morbidity and mortality can be attributed to unsafe drinking water. Meanwhile, indoor air pollution caused by burning solid fuels (in kitchens, for example) is estimated to claim over 1 million lives each year.
Zimbabwe has always been plagued by droughts. Droughts are part of a general pattern of water scarcity, caused to some extent by unfavorable and fluctuating natural conditions and by an increasing population, but more importantly, by sub-optimal development and utilization of available resources.
People who live in poverty are those exposed to the worst environmental and health risks. Overall, somewhere between 25% and 33% of the global burden of disease can be attributed to environmental factors. This proportion is larger in conditions of poverty, where more environmental hazards are present in the nearby living and working environment, and people have less capacity to protect themselves against exposure and effects of harmful or unpleasant pollutants.
This key sheet introduces a series aimed at DFID staff and development partners on the impact of climate change on poverty –- focusing on vulnerability, health and pro-poor growth. This key sheet aims to guide the reader through the issues of:
• Defining climate change;
• Its impact on developing countries;
• Its impact on poverty, pro-poor growth, livelihood assets and vulnerability; and
• Responding to climate change;
This guide to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) first discusses the issues surrounding the world's land degradation problem and what led to the foundation of the Convention. It elaborates on the "Bottom-Up" approach, in which the people most affected are involved directly in the projects, not just for their skill and knowledge of the land but also to prevent their sinking into poverty due to failing "outside solutions."
The second part of the guide provides details of the implementation processes of the UNCCD, in Africa and other regions.