The United Nations Climate Change Conference took place in Warsaw, Poland from 11 to 23 November 2013. It included the 19th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the United Nations (UN) Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 9th session of the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 9).
Environmental Vulnerability: Studies & Presentations
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Sustainability Report has been issued every 2 years since 2007. The current Sustainability Report contains selected performance highlights of ADB’s operations and corporate footprint during 2011–2012.
The Sustainability Report is accompanied by its expanded online version that provides a more detailed review of ADB’s sustainability performance and includes an extensive response to the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Sustainability Reporting Guidelines.
A new publication, Financial Inclusion in Africa, released on Monday, December 9 by the Complex of the Chief Economist of the African Development Bank (AfDB) finds that for sustained and inclusive development to thrive, a great deal of innovation is needed to ensure that appropriate financial services and instruments are put in place for the benefit of the poor and other vulnerable groups in Africa.
We study the relationships between rural income distributions and changes in environmental conditions in southern, western and central India between 1994–95 and 2000–01. Other than the relatively rich, we find that all income strata benefit from an improved environment, and intermediate expenditure households benefit more than the very poor in absolute terms. Higher median consumption expenditures and “richness” are estimated to increase environmental decline, but we do not find a significant impact of income poverty on local environmental health.
This study identifies the effects and quantifies the costs of these adverse outcomes to the Pacific island economies, with details provided for selected key sectors including agriculture, fisheries, tourism, coral reefs, and human health.