Twenty million people across Africa and the Middle East are currently facing famine from a prolonged drought. Some affected countries, including Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen, have more in common than vulnerability to recurring natural disasters and a changing climate – they also struggle with fragile political systems ravaged by conflict.
Efforts by the African Development Bank (AfDB) to upgrade Africa’s agriculture sector is yielding good results with about 5.6 million people benefiting from the Bank’s interventions in the past year.
The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved US$27.2 million in financing to the Republic of Moldova for the Climate Adaptation Project, which will help Moldovans to protect their farms, forests and pastures from climate change in specific zones, and strengthen national disaster management systems.
Studies & Presentations
Recent regional climate change projections have consequences for human systems, particularly for developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.
Given a poverty line, a person who is non-poor (poor) currently may not be treated as non-poor (poor) in a vulnerable situation. The poverty line is adjusted in the presence of vulnerability such that the utility of a person at the current poverty line and that at the adjusted poverty line become identical. Using an additive model of vulnerability, it is shown that if the utility function obeys constant Arrow-Pratt absolute risk aversion, then the harmonized poverty line is a simple absolute augmentation of the current poverty line.