Environmental Vulnerability


20 Mar 2009

Contribution of the environment and natural resources to pro-poor growth: a checklist examining these issues within a poverty reduction strategy

Evidence is mixed on the extent to which environmental and natural resource (ENR) issues are covered in poverty reduction strategy (PRS) documents, though too often they tend to be overlooked. If a country is to achieve its growth and poverty reduction targets, such issues cannot be ignored.

11 Mar 2009

Although Bhutan is still clean and intact, a growing population and the increasing development activities are putting the pressure on the fragile Himalayan environment.

The majority of Bhutanese live in rural areas and rely on natural resources to earn income in sectors such as agriculture, fishing, and forestry. Natural resources also provide food and shelter for the poor.

11 Mar 2009

With rising concerns over energy security and the environment, governments have been aggressively encouraging biofuel production. Current biofuel technologies use agricultural feedstocks such as grains and sugar for ethanol and rapeseed and palm oil for biodiesel. Brazil mandates biofuel consumption and uses about half its sugar cane to produce ethanol. The United States has tax incentives, subsidies, and consumption mandates for biofuel production. At the current pace of investment, the US is planned to produce 15 billion gallons of biofuel by 2010.


03 Aug 2017

Photo essay: In the Democratic Republic of Congo, a tiny island is making great strides.

Studies & Presentations

03 Aug 2017

Recent regional climate change projections have consequences for human systems, particularly for developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.

16 Nov 2016

Given a poverty line, a person who is non-poor (poor) currently may not be treated as non-poor (poor) in a vulnerable situation. The poverty line is adjusted in the presence of vulnerability such that the utility of a person at the current poverty line and that at the adjusted poverty line become identical. Using an additive model of vulnerability, it is shown that if the utility function obeys constant Arrow-Pratt absolute risk aversion, then the harmonized poverty line is a simple absolute augmentation of the current poverty line.