In the world's poorest countries, pollution is responsible for a significant percentage of illness and death. In a single province in India, 80% of morbidity and mortality can be attributed to unsafe drinking water. Meanwhile, indoor air pollution caused by burning solid fuels (in kitchens, for example) is estimated to claim over 1 million lives each year.
Studies & Presentations
Recent regional climate change projections have consequences for human systems, particularly for developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.
Given a poverty line, a person who is non-poor (poor) currently may not be treated as non-poor (poor) in a vulnerable situation. The poverty line is adjusted in the presence of vulnerability such that the utility of a person at the current poverty line and that at the adjusted poverty line become identical. Using an additive model of vulnerability, it is shown that if the utility function obeys constant Arrow-Pratt absolute risk aversion, then the harmonized poverty line is a simple absolute augmentation of the current poverty line.