The overall objective of the proposed action research is to make participatory forest management (PFM) approaches more “pro-poor”. PFM is taken to include community forestry, joint forest management, co-management and community-based forest management.
China’s forests and forest consumption are of global significance because of the country's large area and population. China is the biggest borrower of World Bank funds generally, and in the forest sector it overshadows all other Bank clients. China has also been one of the best performers in terms of the effectiveness and impact of the Bank’s lending operations.
In the South African context, Participatory Forest Management (PFM) has emerged as the new integrated approach to promote sustainable forest management. It involves recognizing the rights of those concerned with forest management and, considering South Africa’s new political dispensation, forestry has an imperative to adapt to increasingly participatory agendas.
This report contains a summary of the policies involved in PFM in South Africa.
The concept of payments for environmental services (PES) has received substantial interest in recent years as a way of creating incentive measures for managing natural resources, addressing livelihood issues for the rural poor, and providing sustainable financing for protected areas. The basic idea is that those who “provide” environmental services by conserving natural ecosystems should be compensated by beneficiaries of the service.
This Arborvitae Special summarizes a IUCN/PROFOR/World Bank study undertaken to review and clarify the relationship between Ecosystem Approaches (EsA) and Sustainable Forest Management (SFM).