This paper reviews the Bolivian experience of decentralization and the involvement of municipal governments around issues that have some direct or indirect influence on forest management and forest users’ livelihoods. While the Bolivian model of decentralization of forest management moves seriously towards building democratic decentralization, some of the key decisions regarding forest resources allocation and use are still made at the central level, though municipal governments have more room than in the past to intervene in forest management.
In the South African context, Participatory Forest Management (PFM) has emerged as the new integrated approach to promote sustainable forest management. It involves recognizing the rights of those concerned with forest management and, considering South Africa’s new political dispensation, forestry has an imperative to adapt to increasingly participatory agendas.
This report contains a summary of the policies involved in PFM in South Africa.
The concept of payments for environmental services (PES) has received substantial interest in recent years as a way of creating incentive measures for managing natural resources, addressing livelihood issues for the rural poor, and providing sustainable financing for protected areas. The basic idea is that those who “provide” environmental services by conserving natural ecosystems should be compensated by beneficiaries of the service.
Studies & Presentations
This booklet sets out guidance for assessing the effectiveness of an ecosystem-based approach to climate change adaptation. It describes a process, based around asking a detailed set of questions, that can be used by project managers and researchers to shape project design, assess the progress of an ongoing project or draw conclusions about the effectiveness of a project that has ended.
A new report from The World Bank Group, CLASP, and Carbon Trust, A Greener Path to Competitiveness offers recommendations and guidance on how companies and countries can stay competitive while implementing more climate-friendly technologies and strategies.