The poor living in irrigated areas are at great risk because of the growing scarcity and competition for water, and the overexploitation of groundwater resources. In addressing the poverty problem, the impact of reduced water availability for irrigation must be considered, not only on crop production, but also on the wide range of other uses that are a part of the livelihood of rural agricultural communities.
Pollution and Health
Zimbabwe has always been plagued by droughts. Droughts are part of a general pattern of water scarcity, caused to some extent by unfavorable and fluctuating natural conditions and by an increasing population, but more importantly, by sub-optimal development and utilization of available resources.
About 15% of the Accra metropolitan area is served by a piped waterborne sewerage network and the remaining areas are served by on-site sanitation facilities in the form of septic tanks and improved pit latrines. The sewerage network has seen very little extension since its construction in the early 1970s. In the newly developing areas, on-site facilities are provided.
This brochure introduces recent experience in forest development cooperation to an international readership of specialists and decision-makers. It provides a brief overview on the state and implications of the international forest policy dialogue and insight into the work of selected projects in partner countries. It is meant to raise awareness for the complexity of sustainable forest management in the age of globalization and to reveal the diversity of demands on technical cooperation in the sector.
Effects on the environment have a great influence on economic and social development. It is not possible to dismiss the environmental issue as a “luxury problem”. Real development and poverty reduction can only be achieved if measures are also taken to safeguard natural resources and the environment.