Pollution and Health

13 Jan 2009

This paper seeks the links between the issues of poverty and the environment. First it discusses the connections between the two issues, such as how the depletion of natural resources can cause poverty, and conversely, how poverty exacerbates environmental degradation.

Also covered are the environmental problems in rural areas (overgrazing, population growth, health problems), urban areas (transport-related pollution, dumping of hazardous waste), global environmental problems, and interventions that may help avert poverty and environmental degradation.

13 Jan 2009

People who live in poverty are those exposed to the worst environmental and health risks. Overall, somewhere between 25% and 33% of the global burden of disease can be attributed to environmental factors. This proportion is larger in conditions of poverty, where more environmental hazards are present in the nearby living and working environment, and people have less capacity to protect themselves against exposure and effects of harmful or unpleasant pollutants.

13 Jan 2009

Waterborne diseases are a significant cause of death and illness in the developing world. Conventional water sewerage systems have proven to be unable to service all the sanitation needs of the developing countries. Majority of sewage in these cities is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes, and coastal areas.

This paper presents technical data on new solutions based on dry sanitation. It is part of a SIDA series covering water resources issues from a development cooperation perspective.

13 Jan 2009

Linking human health and environment issues is a way of grounding the environmental agenda in people’s everyday lives and priorities.

This document is a fact sheet on several SEI projects that specifically address health effects of environmental problems, as well as the complex interrelationships between health, environment, well-being and sustainability.

Download the fact sheet (474 KB, PDF, www.sei.se)

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13 Jan 2009

This document gives an overview of the health impacts of indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and describes solutions to promote health and development in the context of the household energy challenge. Innovative policy approaches and a rigorous acceleration of investments is needed now to save lives and enable development.

The publication concludes with the following key points: