Effects on the environment have a great influence on economic and social development. It is not possible to dismiss the environmental issue as a “luxury problem”. Real development and poverty reduction can only be achieved if measures are also taken to safeguard natural resources and the environment.
Pollution and Health
This paper seeks the links between the issues of poverty and the environment. First it discusses the connections between the two issues, such as how the depletion of natural resources can cause poverty, and conversely, how poverty exacerbates environmental degradation.
Also covered are the environmental problems in rural areas (overgrazing, population growth, health problems), urban areas (transport-related pollution, dumping of hazardous waste), global environmental problems, and interventions that may help avert poverty and environmental degradation.
Zimbabwe has always been plagued by droughts. Droughts are part of a general pattern of water scarcity, caused to some extent by unfavorable and fluctuating natural conditions and by an increasing population, but more importantly, by sub-optimal development and utilization of available resources.
Waterborne diseases are a significant cause of death and illness in the developing world. Conventional water sewerage systems have proven to be unable to service all the sanitation needs of the developing countries. Majority of sewage in these cities is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes, and coastal areas.
This paper presents technical data on new solutions based on dry sanitation. It is part of a SIDA series covering water resources issues from a development cooperation perspective.
This document gives an overview of the health impacts of indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and describes solutions to promote health and development in the context of the household energy challenge. Innovative policy approaches and a rigorous acceleration of investments is needed now to save lives and enable development.
The publication concludes with the following key points: