"...Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and Water Efficiency Plans by 2005": Why, What and How?
Several countries have started, or have already been through, the process of putting in place elements or substantial amounts of the Integrated Water Resources Management Process envisaged by the international community during the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg 2002. Uganda and Burkina Faso have, with international assistance, gone through multi-year IWRM planning processes resulting in new national policies, strategies and laws for their water resources development and management; China and Quebec’s new water policies; Thailand and India’s water reform processes and Brazil’s wastewater reform are examples of IWRM processes. Many of these are now in the implementation stage or ready to start implementation. Other countries in Africa and elsewhere have responded to the WSSD call for action and have started IWRM planning processes.
This document has been written to support reform processes in water resources management and development, incipient or well underway, and to guide the development towards Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) as proposed in the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002.