Poverty Environment Partnership
Reports and Articles
The following documents are from the workshop "Development Effective in Practice: Applying the Paris Declaration to Advancing Gender Equality, Environmental Sustainability and Human Rights" held in Dublin, Ireland on 26-27 April 2007. These have been made available as background reading material for the 11th PEP Meeting in Copenhagen.
Dublin Workshop Concept (PDF)
Dublin Workshop Agenda (PDF)
This paper identifies two basic trajectories to a high-income democracy linked to the scale and deployment of rents. Low-rent countries tend to engender developmental political states that competitively diversify the economy and sustain rapid per capita GDP (PCGDP) growth, which strengthens three key sanctions against anti-social governance (political accountability, social capital and the rule of law) to achieve endogenous democratisation that is incremental. In contrast, rent-rich countries are likely to experience a slower and more erratic transition.
Despite the potential of EFR to raise revenue, improve environmental management and fight poverty its use is frequently delayed and constrained by political and institutional factors. Overcoming these factors requires thorough analysis of the political context, followed by effective management of the reforms as an inclusive political process. Accordingly, to assist governments in successfully adopting EFR, this report focuses on the political economy of EFR.
While significant development progress has been achieved over the past two decades, with almost 650 million people moving out of extreme poverty in developing countries between 1990 and 2008, nearly 1.3 billion women, men and children have been left behind living on less than US$1.25 per day.