Poverty Environment Partnership
Reports and Articles
Unmanaged and poorly managed fisheries are overexploited to the point where all resource rent has been dissipated. Since resource rent represents the wealth that the fishery can generate, and hence indicates the potential of the fishery to contribute to economic and social goals, there is a need for improved management with resource rent specifically targeted. Management authorities are faced with two broad problems. First, they must develop management instruments that enable resource rents to be generated on a sustainable basis.
This paper is a submission from IUCN, PROFOR, and the World Bank in follow up to discussions held at the third meeting of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) on the relationship between sustainable forest management (SFM) and ecosystem approaches (EsA) - as applied to forests. It is also a response to a decision at the 6th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) seeking clarification of the relations between the two concepts. The paper aims to:
Implementing fishery fiscal reform may be a difficult exercise. One of the reasons why economists have often rejected tax-based approaches to fisheries management is because of the apparent political difficulties that they would entail despite their undoubted attraction from a purely economic viewpoint (Munro, 1993). There are increasing signs however that countries, particularly developing ones, are managing to overcome these difficulties (e.g. Vetemaa et al, 2002). This paper considers some of the political economy aspects to fiscal reform in fisheries.
While significant development progress has been achieved over the past two decades, with almost 650 million people moving out of extreme poverty in developing countries between 1990 and 2008, nearly 1.3 billion women, men and children have been left behind living on less than US$1.25 per day.