This Compendium provides a review of available tools related to the integration of environment into policy and planning in order to deliver sustainable development in the Asia and Pacific region. In the context of this task, the term ‘tools’ is interpreted broadly in order to ensure that as wide a range of potential tools and processes as possible is considered that could be used to integrate the environmental considerations of sustainable development into the Policy Cycle.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their 169 targets are designed as an indivisible and integrated framework for action. In line with these principles, countries are expected to integrate the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of the SDGs into their development processes.
This paper builds on this new global sustainable development framework: making the case to mainstream poverty, environment — and now climate — issues into the centre of efforts to implement the SDGs, nationally Determined Contributions and other initiatives towards the 2030 agenda. the paper addresses the significant scale of linked poverty, environment and climate problems and emphasises the need for structural reforms, especially to improve inclusion.
While significant development progress has been achieved over the past two decades, with almost 650 million people moving out of extreme poverty in developing countries between 1990 and 2008, nearly 1.3 billion women, men and children have been left behind living on less than US$1.25 per day. Even greater numbers suffer other forms of poverty and deprivation, and inequality both within and across countries has increased.
This draft document demonstrates how effective policies and investments for natural resources can sustain pro-poor growth and support the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. It examines in detail six natural resources which have a critical role to play in sustaining pro-poor growth: fisheries, forests, nature based tourism, agriculture and soils, water and mineral resources and oil.