Madagascar’s unrivaled biodiversity is undoubtedly its biggest asset. Nearly all (90 percent) of the plant and animal species found on the island are endemic. This rich and unique mix of flora and fauna generates significant foreign exchange earnings, with up to 130,000 tourists visiting the country's 6.9 million hectares of protected areas eacy year. Other natural resources are also important at the level of the national economy. Fisheries already contribute more than 2 percent of GDP and the growing large-scale mining sector is expected to contribute 15 percent of GDP in coming years.
In Lushoto, Tanzania, a cluster of CCAFS climate-smart villages nestle in the stunning Eastern Arc Mountains, stretching between Tanzania and Kenya. The richly diverse landscape is a hotspot of biodiversity, its sloping hillsides supporting a wide range of agricultural produce – from vegetables, beans, sugarcane and cassava to agroforestry.
Late last year, there was publicity about the plight of the San (bushmen) of the Kalahari in Botswana – part of a growing number of ‘conservation refugees’ from across the world who have been forcibly evicted from large areas of land set aside for national parks and protected areas.
Innovative financial mechanisms in four key areas have the potential to boost crucial investment in sustainable energy by some $120 billion a year in the near term, an expert report from the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative shows.
The Financing for Development summit in Addis is a decisive point in the process towards the post-2015 development agenda. World leaders, high-level policy makers, funders and finance ministers, among others, are expected to deliver the political will, policy reforms, and financial investments required to end extreme poverty by 2030.