Aquaculture is often viewed narrowly as intensive culture of salmon and shrimp to provide high value products for luxury markets and is often associated with environmental degradation. The promotion of aquaculture for rural development has had a poor record in many developing countries, especially in Africa.
This paper provides a global view of the link from forests to poverty alleviation. Definitions are clarified and the key concepts and indicators related to livelihoods and poverty reduction are explored -- distinguishing between the analysis (using broader welfare elements) and the measurement of poverty (using more tangible, traditional indicators).
The concept of payments for environmental services (PES) has received substantial interest in recent years as a way of creating incentive measures for managing natural resources, addressing livelihood issues for the rural poor, and providing sustainable financing for protected areas. The basic idea is that those who “provide” environmental services by conserving natural ecosystems should be compensated by beneficiaries of the service.
The central problem within the water sector is the lack of adequate access to safe water supply and basic sanitation. This is intensified through rapid population growth; at the same time the amount of available water decreases due to pollution, overuse and climate change.
GTZ is currently involved in water-related projects in 34 countries and one region (SADC). Water is a priority area in their projects in 23 of these countries (8 in sub-Saharan Africa, 6 in the Middle East/North Africa, 3 in Latin America, 3 in Asia and 3 in Central and Eastern Europe).
This document is a press release announcing the new special report from the Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia program (PAPA) of the Health Effects Institute (HEI).
Prepared by PAPA’s International Scientific Oversight Committee, the "Review of the Health Effects of Air Pollution in the Developing Countries of Asia" was undertaken in partnership with the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities and is intended to help inform regional policy makers about the state of the science concerning air pollution and health in major Asian cities.