This paper develops a framework to measure the impact of agricultural research on urban poverty. Increased investments in agricultural R&D can lower food prices by increasing food production, and lower food prices benefit the urban poor because they often spend more than 60% of their income on food. Application of the framework to China shows that these food price effects are large and that the benefits for the urban poor have been about as large as the benefits for the rural poor.
The Asia Regional workshop on Addressing Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation took place in Anyer, West Java, Indonesia on December 4-6 1998. The Workshop was organized by Bioforum, a coalition of 65 Indonesian NGOs, and funded by Global Secretariat of UC Initiative, Embassy of Finland, the Indonesian Tropical Institute (LATIN), the Indonesian Consortium for Community-Based Forest Management (KPSHK) with additional support from some local NGOs.
A successful condominial sewerage program successfully implemented by WSP in Bolivia is now being promoted in Dakar by the local WSP office there. Community-led Total Sanitation approach (CLTS), initiated and scaled up in Bangladesh, was shared with India and has now been adopted by the government in over 426 districts.
A fast-growing solar power industry in India's Rajasthan will soon be transmitting up to 8,000 megawatts of renewable energy to the national grid.
Studies & Presentations
Recent regional climate change projections have consequences for human systems, particularly for developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.
Given a poverty line, a person who is non-poor (poor) currently may not be treated as non-poor (poor) in a vulnerable situation. The poverty line is adjusted in the presence of vulnerability such that the utility of a person at the current poverty line and that at the adjusted poverty line become identical. Using an additive model of vulnerability, it is shown that if the utility function obeys constant Arrow-Pratt absolute risk aversion, then the harmonized poverty line is a simple absolute augmentation of the current poverty line.