For the first time, the United Nations Millennium Development Goals is monitoring the world's plants and animals using the Red List Index developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN. Based on the comprehensive IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the index shows trends in the overall extinction risk for sets of species at global, regional and national levels.
Millennium Development Goal 1 calls for a reduction of 50% of the proportion of people whose income is less than one US-dollar a day and of the proportion of people who suffer from hunger between 1990 and 2015. However, during the 1990s, the percentage of people in sub-Saharan Africa living below the ‘poverty rate’ of $1 a day had risen and the number of undernourished people as well.
The attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals would be derailed due to changes in weather patterns around the world, experts warned. Scientific research and medical journals say it will affect food production and economic growth in many countries especially developing ones.
Experts say those factors and others will make it harder to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, which seek to respond to the world’s main development challenges. The MDGs, include efforts to improve health, cut child mortality and reduce poverty and the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Forests and trees play a critical role in supporting the livelihoods of people, particularly the world’s poor. Many of these people depend fully or in part on forest resources to meet daily subsistence needs. Sustainable forest management contributes to developing economies in a wide range of ways. It provides income, employment, food security and better housing where it is most needed, particularly for the poor who inhabit forest areas.
The document recaps the 8th and 9th meetings of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development Fourteenth Session in 2006. The following discussions are detailed: