Household energy is inextricably linked to many of the Millennium Development Goals, and improvements in access to cleaner energy and cleaner energy practices can make multiple contributions to achieving them.
The poor devote much of their time to energy-related activities: gathering fuelwood and cooking, for example, when modern energy services are available to ease their burden. This publication gives a primer on the relationship between energy and development, and discusses how energy is an issue for all Millennium Development Goals.
About 50 countries have prepared interim and full Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). In this context, this paper examines Millennium Development Goal (MDG)7: Ensuring Environmental Sustainability, its targets and indicators, and responds to three questions: To what extent do PRSPs define and adopt targets and indicators that align with those of MDG7? To what extent do the available data allow tracking of progress with respect to MDG7?
The PEP/MDG economic analysis was successfully presented at the UN World Summit on 14 September 2005 in New York City (http://www.undp.org/pei/). As a follow-up to this event and the accompanying publications, and under an agreement with UNDP/UNOPS, IUCN-The World Conservation Union has compiled this bibliography of case studies and other documents, building on material included in the PEP report by the late Prof. David Pearce of University College London.
As the world's natural systems degrade, the opportunity to achieve the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 is slipping away.
This publication, prepared in time for the United Nations World Summit in September 2005, discusses how protecting ecosystems affects all MDGs.