Frequent fire outbreaks in agricultural communities have led to soil degradation, which meant low crop yields, and more crippling poverty for farmers who have had to deal with this scourge every year without a reprieve, a sensitization campaign against wildfires in the Fonis heard as officials of the forestry department, the Brikama Area Council and the West Coast governor’s office met local communities.
The primary objective of this document is to provide an overview of forest and climate change issues, actions and areas for cooperation in the Eastern European and Central Asian countries. The country reports included within were prepared and presented at the FAO workshop on “Climate change impacts on forest management in Eastern Europe and Central Asia”, which was held in Sopron, Hungary from 14-16 April 2010.
Developing National REDD-plus Systems: Progress challenges and ways forward - Indonesia and Viet Nam country studiesPosted on: 16 December 2010 - 3:56pm
Conservation scientists generally agree that many types of protected areas will be needed to protect tropical forests. But little is known of the comparative performance of inhabited and uninhabited reserves in slowing the most extreme form of forest disturbance: conversion to agriculture. We used satellite-based maps of land cover and fire occurrence in the Brazilian Amazon to compare the performance of large (>10,000 ha) uninhabited (parks) and inhabited (indigenous lands, extractive reserves, and national forests) reserves. Reserves significantly reduced both deforestation and fire.
Co-management agreements among indigenous people, state agencies, and other stakeholders offer substantial promise as a way of dealing with natural resource conflicts in a participatory and equitable manner. However, experience shows that co-management regimes can set into motion new conflicts or cause old ones to escalate. In practice the result may not be power sharing but rather a strengthening of the state’s control over resource policy, management, and allocation. Instead of contributing to local empowerment, such arrangements may further marginalize communities and resource users. We use case material, primarily from northern Canada and South Asia, to explore the pervasive role of conflict in generating, shaping, and influencing the performance of co-management regimes. The paper analyzes the divergent interests and motives of state agencies in planning and implementing co-management arrangements.
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is helping Guatemala advance in its efforts to protect and sustainably develop the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Central America’s largest protected area.
The reserve, home to a complex system of natural forests, magnificent archeological sites and unique biodiversity, has come under pressure from a proliferation of illegal settlements and economic activities, ranging from smuggling of rare woods and wildlife to the exploration of oil fields and unsustainable farming, ranching and logging.
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has launched “group certification” and the Indonesian Ecolabelling Institute (LEI) has developed Pengelolaan Hutan Berbasis Masyarakat Lestari (PHBML) specifically to promote community-based forest management.
By now there is a general agreement that there is a high cost to reduction of deforestation and forest degradation in poor countries and that this cost need to be borne by the developed countries if the developing countries are expected to reduce emissions from this source to mitigate climate change.