The Centre for Science and Environment's Health and Environment Newsletter is a bi-monthly bulletin, with the objective of bringing into focus the various issues of environmental health in India. A free publication, the newsletter is targeted at doctors, environmentalists, NGOs and policy makers concerned with the state of the environment.
Twenty four focus group discussions and 62 in depth interviews were conducted in four informal settlements in Nairobi in 2002 to explore the community members’ expression and understanding of the linkages between urban poor environments and childhood illnesses.
As part of the activities of the Polluted Places Project under ADB's Poverty and Environment Program, Blacksmith Institute conducted initial assessment of several sites identified to have been severely contaminated with pollution, adversely affecting the environment and health of the poor. Featured in the page are the initial findings on the sites and some photographs taken.
Lilo-an's coastline is clearing up of pollution as a new decentralized wastewater treatment facility began treating the town's wastewater. Inaugurated in 2005, the facility was the brainchild of a unique partnership between the Lilo-an municipal government, the national government's Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
Water pollution has been identified as a major constraint to the sustainable development of the People's Republic of China (PRC's) economy. The Songhua River Basin (SRB) is one of the most polluted of the 47 major rivers in the PRC. While several ongoing initiatives to control pollution emissions and improve SRB water quality have had some success in recent years, it is uncertain how long it will remain excessively polluted. The goal of the technical assistance PRC: Songhua River Water Quality and Pollution Control Management was to improve water quality in the SRB.
The Philippines with its over 7,000 islands is primarily a coastal country. Eighty-two percent of the provinces and 65 percent of the
municipalities border the coast. The Philippines is a major fishing country belonging consistently to the top 20 in the world in terms of production. Based on the 1980 census, direct employment was estimated at 1 million fishers and fishfarmers. Given the country's high population growth rate, the generally open-access condition of
Matching Water Quality Programs to Management Needs in Developing Countries: The Challenge of Program ModernizationPosted on: 4 August 2008 - 3:04pm
Developing countries face an array of traditional and modern water quality problems - from fecal contamination to toxic chemicals. Moreover, they do so in an economic environment that is severely restricted, an institutional environment which is often poorly structured, and for which the modern scientific knowledge base is frequently poorly understood and applied.
Nepal’s environmental challenges cover a wide range of complex issues, which are interrelated and detrimental to health. High population growth and pervasive poverty, especially in the hills, are primary contributing factors to most of the country’s environmental problems.
Water pollution is a serious environmental issue in Nepal. Surface water in the Kathmandu Valley is severely polluted by industrial effluence, domestic waste, and by the discharge of untreated sewage from residential areas.
Five main issues affecting water quality of the Jakarta Bay are 1) urbanization and poverty, 2) non-point source of pollution, 3) point source of pollution, 4) depleted marine living resources and 5) institutional capacity.
Development of a community based management protocol for diffuse pollution control in agro-rural watershedsPosted on: 28 July 2008 - 2:49pm
Water quality management is a very serious problem in the rural areas of developing countries. The main contribution to pollution of water sources in these areas is from diffuse sources, notably from
subsistence farming. It is evident that water quality management would only be effective by changing the practices that contribute to diffuse pollution.