40th anniversary of Barcelona Convention celebrated with strong commitments on biodiversity protection, sustainable consumption and climate change adaptation.
The important global, national and local benefits provided by protected areas may come at a cost to communities, and any resultant experience of injustice can undermine protected area conservation. Conversely, the success of many areas conserved by Indigenous Peoples and local communities makes a compelling case for the stronger engagement of local rights-holders and stakeholders in all types of protected area.
In 2010, the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 – which commits the European Commission, the European Parliament and the EU Member States to take action on all key drivers of biodiversity loss and degradation of ecosystem services – was adopted and endorsed by all the stakeholders. At this halfway point to 2020, BirdLife International is assessing the progress of the EU.
Madagascar’s unrivaled biodiversity is undoubtedly its biggest asset. Nearly all (90 percent) of the plant and animal species found on the island are endemic. This rich and unique mix of flora and fauna generates significant foreign exchange earnings, with up to 130,000 tourists visiting the country's 6.9 million hectares of protected areas eacy year. Other natural resources are also important at the level of the national economy. Fisheries already contribute more than 2 percent of GDP and the growing large-scale mining sector is expected to contribute 15 percent of GDP in coming years.
We assess the additional forest cover protected by 13 rural communities located in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico, as a result of the economic incentives received through the country's national program of payments for biodiversity conservation.